anthropology 22

1. Explain what scientists have discovered regarding the major adaptations associated with each of the following transformational stage or “steps” in our evolutionary history. a. earliest Mammals (from=195~200 Mya) such as Morganucodon and Hadrocodium. b. Paleocene Plesiadapiform Primates (like Purgatorius, Carpolestes, Plesiadapis, etc) c, Eocene prosimians of “modern aspect”(like Teihardina, Notharctus, and Darwainius) d. Early anthropoids-“Dawn Apes” like Aegyptopithecus. e. Early Miocene monkey-like apes of the Proconsul group(like proconsul Heseloni, P. nyanzae, etc) f. Middle Miocene African Great Apes(like Afropithecus and Moropithecus) g. Earliest Hominins(from the late Miocene and Early Pliocene-=4.0 to 6 or 7Mya) probable hominins(like Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Ardipithecus ramidus, Adustralopithecus anamensis) h. Early hominins of the Australopithecus group( like Australopithecus afarensis, Kenyanthropus platyops, Au. garhi, Au. africanus, Au. sediba, Paranthropus robustus, Paranthropus boisei) i. Earliest members of the genus Homo(like Home habilis, Homo rudolfensis) j. Early hunting and gathering hominins(like Homo ergaster, Homo erectus) k. Hunting and gathering hominins that controlled fire(like Homo herdelbergensis)

2. Compare(describe, illustrate, explain) what scientists have discovered and/or inferred regarding the distinctive biological and cultural attributes and probable lifeways of Neanderthals and of early modern Homo sapiens when the two kinds of hominin cohabited Europe(around 40-45000 years ago) a.Neanderthals b. Early Modern Homo sapiens

3. Taking into account what you have learned about human evolutionary patterns, develop a list of specific ways that we(modern humans living in 2017) can adjust our own personal behavioral patterns and lifeways(diet, exercise, sleep, leisure time activities, etc.) to put our bodies and minds in better accord with what evolutionary anthropologists have discovered regarding our sleep evolutionary heritage. See particularly Lieberman’s The Story Of The Human Body. a.Diet b.Sleep c.Exercise d.Liesure -Time Activities e.Other Physical and/ or mental “Wellness” suggestions or strategies

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