2 philosophy based questions

1. In this week’s module we saw that because motives are not all that relevant according to Consequentialism, it wouldn’t matter who is doing the calculation of benefits and burdens in the assessment of utility. The calculation is purely objective. Indeed, to the utilitarian’s mind, the objectivity of the principle was intended to counterbalance the weight of archaic social customs and religious influences on social polices. Do you agree with the utilitarians that social and religious customs stand in the way of happiness? Briefly explain and defend your view.

We also saw this week that Mill’s justification for distinguishing higher and lower pleasures relies upon an empirical method of surveying those who have experienced a variety of pleasures, both high and low, and that Mill believed that those with the most varied experiences will agree that higher quality pleasures are well worth the effort (the pleasures of intellectual stimulation, friendship, and civic engagement, etc. were mentioned, as opposed to the satisfaction of only immediate physical pleasures). Mill thought that the weight of human experience allows us to predict that it is “better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied.” My question for you is, do you see any problems or shortcomings that might arise with Mill’s preferred method of justification? In this week’s module you were asked whether or not you wanted to step up in order to argue in defense of the fool? Provide your answer to that question here, along with your reasons for holding it. RESPONSE TO THIS NEEDS TO BE AT LEAST 100 WORDS

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2. complete a Written Case Analysis of approximately 200-350 words . AMA Format. Please read Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues, Case 4e, p. 108. Identify the moral issue(s) and the parties involved and discuss the case with respect to the principle of utility, taking care to identify the benefits and burdens that pertain to the parties affected. File is uploaded below. Grading rubric is as follows:

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Not Attempted

(Criterion is missing or not in evidence)

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Novice

(does not meet expectations; performance is substandard)

Basic

(works towards meeting expectations; performance needs improvement)

Proficient

(meets expectations; performance is satisfactory)

Exemplary

(exceeds expectations; performance is outstanding)

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Elements

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Score

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Analyzing case in terms of the principle of utility (identification of parties involved, benefits and burdens, and alternative possible actions or policies)

90%

0-53.99%

Paraphrases the information in the case without attempting an analysis or states opinions without attempting an analysis. Discusses irrelevant facts

54-62.99%

Attempts to provide an analysis of the case, but does not connect analysis to facts of the case. Is vague on three counts: identifying the parties involved, the benefits and burdens at stake, and the alternative possible actions or policies at stake

63-71.99%

Attempts to provide
an analysis of the case; connects analysis to facts of the case; is vague on two of the following: identifying the parties involved or the benefits and burdens at stake, or the alternative possible actions or policies at stake

72-80.99%

Attempts to provide an analysis of the case; connects analysis to facts of the case; is vague on one of the following: identifying the parties involved or the benefits and burdens at stake, or the alternative possible actions or policies at stake

81-90%

Provides a well-rounded analysis of the case; connects analysis to facts of the case; is successful in all three of the following: identifying the parties involved, the benefits and burdens at stake, and the alternative possible actions or policies at stake

___/90

Mechanics of Writing
10%

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0-5.99%

Little to no evidence of proper writing mechanics

6-6.99%

The grammar of the case analysis greatly impedes understanding of content

7-7.99%

The case analysis needs a good deal of improvement with respect to grammar, spelling, and/or style

8-8.99%

The case analysis is mostly free of errors with respect to grammar, spelling, and/or style, but needs some improvement

9-10%

The case analysis is nearly perfect with respect to grammar, spelling, and style

___/10

 
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